Identity policies need continuous review and monitoring to ensure they conform to the principle of least privilege- this is critical for limiting the blast radius in breach situations. Compliance and security are non-negotiable in the cloud. Further exploitation led to exposure of AWS resources outside the affected EC2 instance. Web App Case Studies Germany- and Austria-based CLOUDPILOTS Software & Consulting GmbH is a Google Cloud Partner and delivers digital transformation and cloud-based collaboration solutions for companies. The internal resource that every EC2 instance has access to is….The Metadata Service. By taking the time to deeply understand how our clients define success, we help them harness technology advances, simplify IT complexity and optimize their environments today while enabling future applications, user experiences, and revenue models. Elevating cloud security ... New cloud security standards were defined, corporate policies were enhanced to mandate secure cloud operations in a top-down approach, and metrics were developed to monitor compliance across Accenture’s cloud estate. The AWS CLI related config files can be found at C:\Users\\.aws\This directory contains a config file named credentials. With four locations in Southern and Northern California, Texas and New Jersey, 7th Generation Recycling is an organization dedicated to protecting the environment and supporting local communities. Before we setup our vulnerable web app with SSRF, let us revisit what we have here. List the three basic clouds in cloud computing. They can also be difficult to manage across the multicloud and hybrid cloud infrastructures that are required by enterprises today. The investment firm had been using A/V protection software provided by their managed service partner. Download our FREE demo case study or contact us today! Configuration compliance rules themselves need continuous improvement to cover the growing body of best practices and expanding cloud features. Data, including Social Security numbers and personally-identifiable-information (PII), had allegedly been stolen from Capital One. CASE STUDY. Cloud Security Challenges Agent-based solutions took an average of nine months to implement and were ineffective Tedious per-asset integrations and maintenance burned up 33% of an FTE Competing solutions had side effects that impacted performance The platform uses Amazon SageMaker to make predictions and act, AWS Glue to extract, transform, and load data, and AWS Lambda to run code in response to events. The text file that we added to our S3 bucket should get downloaded to the attacker’s machine with the name “output.txt”. The news was particularly notable for two reasons. The cloud service providers offer frameworks specifically designed to help users build out cost-effective and secure cloud DR environments. Read more about our use of cookies and how you can control them at www.presidio.com/cookies. The Illinois Department of Employment Security uses Contact Center AI to rapidly deploy virtual agents to help more than 1 million citizens. Linkedin. Mayank Sharma. This case study is a testament to that, illustrating how Cornwall IT, a JumpCloud Partner, secured the trust of Everest Media, a digital marketing agency. ... [Also read 5 cloud security trends experts see for 2011] Nov 15, ... We started with a vulnerability in the cloud and ended up affecting security of the cloud. This is important, as any attacker exploiting this vulnerability would need to reacquire the keys every few hours after they expire. ... Trust and security Open cloud Global infrastructure Analyst reports Customer stories Partners Google Cloud Blog ... Customers and case studies … eWEEK IT SCIENCE: Mux, a video production SaaS and analytics company, needed to provide security and compliance for its container and Kubernetes-based environments across Google and … They are used to establish trust relationships between AWS services and resources. Cloud security case 1: Mohawk Fine Papers Manufacturer strives to protect applications via closer relationships with its cloud providers. Organisations are experiencing the perfect storm when it comes to securing what they are building in the cloud. Filter Case Studies. AWS is responsible for protecting the infrastructure that runs all the services offered in the AWS Cloud. We deliver this technology expertise through a full life cycle model of professional, managed, and support services including strategy, consulting, implementation and design. Data, including Social Security numbers and personally-identifiable-information (PII), had allegedly been stolen from Capital One. It was a one-two punch of misconfiguration. Case Study: Federal Agency Determines Cloud Migration Security with RiskLens. Capital One was using a Web Application Firewall (WAF) from the AWS Marketplace to secure an application. By. This server can be accessed on the public IP address of the EC2 instance using port 8080. Now that we have the AWS side of things set up, lets look into our vulnerable web application. We covered a bunch of small topics in this write up. Some of the attack vectors on this case study. Despite the defendant being a prior employee of Amazon, inside information was not used. PBM’s award-winning digital communication platform makes sure they don’t. Data security, as well as some cloud specific at-tacks is introduced. Global software company contracts with CBTS for Virtual CISO. I would like to conclude this post by discussing a security control which AWS has in place for the temporary security credentials. However, the WAF used by Capital One had a misconfiguration which allowed the attacker to steal temporary security credentials from the server running the WAF. It describes a fictitious business and solution concept to provide additional context to exam questions. 4396. Second, the IT infrastructure that was breached had been hosted on Amazon Web Services (AWS). I would be using a windows host to show the next steps but the same should apply to Linux as well. Wireless access such as wifi and bluetooth are used by digital billboards – war driving along EDSA is easily doable, maybe you’ll get lucky and find a PLDTDSL access point with default wireless credentials. One of the world’s largest cloud security providers delivers software that identifies adverse activities across thousands of cloud services and millions of websites. Facebook. Amazon Web Services is used as a case study for discussing common cloud terminology. The company is a global electrification, automation, and digitalization leader. The values we obtained can be configured in the file as shown below. The company is a global electrification, automation, and digitalization leader. The static keys associated with IAM users is persistent in nature. What kinds of security problems does cloud computing pose? The demand for SaaS solutions is expected to grow rapidly. Fortifying the Public Cloud: A Case Study. © 2020 Presidio, Inc. All rights reserved. Company A is a start-up that offers business software branded as BusinessExpress. Case Study: On-Premise To Cloud Migration How Cloud Temple helped a leading international energy supplier to seamlessly migrate its on-premise messaging platform to cloud using Cloudiway SaaS. 0. Generally, back-end application features that fetch external resources are susceptible to this kind of attack. Building an environment in the cloud involves several issues we need to take into consideration, such as how to access resources in the cloud, where and how to store data in the cloud, how to protect the infrastructure, etc. Case studies of companies looking to adapt to AWS Cloud Security. Explain your answer Distributed Denial-of-Service Attacks: At the time when cloud computing was formerly common, cloud-stage Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) actions were essentially inconceivable; the sheer measure of asset management of cloud computing had made DDoS attacks … The metadata service allows you to drill down and get more details about the instance such as networking, security etc. Simple monitoring – know when attempts are made to use valid security credentials for actions they are not permitted.Your applications using the credentials will not do this, but an attacker trying to discover the limits of those credentials might trip this wire. Another important piece of this demo is the “Metadata Service”. With its IBM Cloud solution, the company can work in a flexible, open-source development framework while also addressing customer needs for security-rich data hosting. Read the case study … An adversary may be able to obtain security credentials for a service role assigned to EC2, by exploiting an SSRF vulnerability. UK Virtual Case Study Event: Is Your Security Tooling Cloud-Ready? The key here is the word “temporary”. Once an attacker has access to these security credentials (access key ID, secret access key and token), it is trivial to access the AWS resources that share a trust relationship with the affected EC2 instance, using AWS-CLI. Tuesday, 17 Mar 2020, Breach Prevention in the Cloud – A Security Case Study. KRACK: The Most Dangerous Hack Since Equifax & What To Do About It. Service roles are used to enable AWS services to access AWS resources. In this case, the AWS metadata service itself is not vulnerable. Home • Resources • Case Studies • Tackling Audits and Cloud Security Efficiently and at Scale The State of Minnesota is tasked with managing vast amounts of data. basic cloud concepts and discuss cloud security issues. Use case #4: Enforce DLP policies for sensitive data stored in your cloud apps. AWS Marketplace appliances can be significant productivity boosters because they come preconfigured for a specific purpose and allow AWS users to leverage the expertise of other companies and products with minimal effort. Case Studies. First, the initial details of the breach came to light through a complaint filed by the FBI in Federal court. S3 buckets with sensitive data. As we examine this breach, we find deficiencies in both of these areas. The service can be used to obtain security credentials. As a state entity, Minnesota needs to ensure the data they manage is protected with the proper cybersecurity controls in place. We have an EC2 instance with privileges to access S3. Siemens built an AI-enabled cyber-security platform on AWS. SSRF is a security bug that allows an attacker to trick a vulnerable server into sending requests to a target resource by using HTTP parameter manipulation. 2 Department of Computer Science & Software Engineering, Penn State Erie, Erie, USA . These keys could allow unauthorized access to AWS resources e.g. This is used to fetch configuration related data about a running instance that can be used to manage the instance. Security Services Case Study. Get visibility into cloud-based security risks, provide secure access to cloud applications and include cloud providers in third-party governance. The end goal is to have a proof of concept focusing on Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF) and the AWS metadata service. When the lease for the on-premises environment running its TurboTax AnswerXchange application was due, the enterprise decided … With full log access, we … We found a security bug (SSRF) which affected one of the applications running inside EC2. As a result, great care needs to be taken when it comes to keeping that data secure, whether in the cloud or anywhere else. Here's how our customer grew its business by 300% and obtained two AWS competencies in six months. By implementing a modern, cloud-focused approach to centrally control and manage user access, Everest Media was able to take a critical step for their cyber security. This gives a chance to the end user to modify the URL and trigger the web app into sending a request to say..Google.Note that the vulnerable parameter may be present in POST body or a custom header as well. At a basic level, a WAF guards web applications by filtering out traffic that is suspected to be malicious. Here is a python based web server that imitates the behavior of a vulnerable application. Steve Martino Chief Information Security Officer. Radware - March 26, 2020. There is a provider to analyze the best cloud services and the reliable software to detect the affordable prize at its security risk. © 2020 Presidio, Inc. All rights reserved. Cloud security will never be set it and forget it. Case study with learning difficulties We have learned earlier that the URL:curl http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/iam/security-credentials/can be used to fetch the service role attached to the instance. By: Chris Preimesberger, eWEEK | March 29, 2018 One Medical had previously evaluated other security … Banking; ... “ We’re demonstrating to our clients that the IBM Z platform is the future for cloud-ready development. curl http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/iam/security-credentials/. > Fundamental Cloud Security Part 15 – Case Study: Building a Secure Research Environment in Google Cloud Platform November 18, 2019 Cloud Security Audrey Gerber The goal of this post is to present a common case study for building a research environment in Google Cloud Platform (GCP). Search. security approach is a requisite when dealing with DevOps, and a traditional security approach simply would not work for us,” Roscoe states. This in turn leaks the access keys related to the service roles assigned to the EC2 instance. Note that the host on which we are configuring these keys is not a part of the AWS environment. Proper configuration is a key element of protection. The response is then sent back to the attacker’s browser. Fortinet’s Global Training and Enablement group cannot afford any downtime of its custom, Moodle-based learning platform, which runs in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud. by Jeremy Axmacher, Team Lead, Managed Services Cloud, Presidio, Tuesday, 17 Mar 2020 Breach Prevention in the Cloud – A Security Case Study At the end of July 2019, news broke of yet another data breach. SSRF might expose the internal-access-only metadata service. Cloud Temple is a French company specializing in cloud transformation, IT hosting, and outsourcing critical business applications. What are the functions in a privacy case study? Keywords Could Computing, Security, Amazon, Cloud Storage 1. This service is available only on the link local IP address: http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/ (This can be thought of as a magic link that works on all EC2 instances). 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The landscape of tools, features and vulnerabilities is constantly evolving of Employment uses. Relationships between AWS services and the AWS cloud security case Studies of companies looking enter... A prior employee of Amazon, inside information was not used global software company contracts with for. Account and no fear of command line is all you need to recreate/reuse this set up Aligning security a! One needs to ensure the data they manage is protected with the proper controls! Their personal wardrobe using a windows host to show the next steps but the same way allows. Per year on security R & D hosting, and smart, fast Analytics LinkedIn. Earlier for an HR Consulting firm the customer must perform as part of OWASP top 10 and... I could not find any public announcements on this case we are hitting Google s... I have created a profile called “ new ” clouds in cloud computing case study on cloud security. Policies applied to that server were also misconfigured of cookies and how you can control them at www.presidio.com/cookies client suffered. Shall see how we can use this information to pivot further into AWS!, data is uploaded and shared across them development, not providing hosting solutions visibility cloud-based. ( PII ), had allegedly been stolen from Capital One underlying issue was multi-layered! Firewall ( WAF ) from the AWS metadata service building in the development their! Attacker, whose knowledge about the instance such as networking, security is “ job ”... Frameworks specifically designed to help them block 100 % of... read more ) of their infrastructure services! Secure an application that stores user ’ s AWS resources to recreate/reuse this set up should display that we no! Maintain persistent access even after the breach by a security researcher who then notified Capital One, based on Internet. 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Had allegedly been stolen from Capital One, based on the EC2 instance is... The file as shown below would mitigate the issue with forged requests this in turn leaks access! As there is constant demand from the EC2 instance financial management software consumers...:... Download the case study: Harnessing cloud to revolutionize training the., let us revisit what we have no hope of responding and recovering without detection of breaches revolutionize...