Police cordon off the road leading to German chemical company BASF facility in Ludwigshafen, southwestern Germany on Oct. 17, 2016. It is not clear why this warning was not heeded. It became a global company. Engelhorn had already been running a factory for several years that supplied the city of Mannheim with gas for its street lamps. Questo sito di ricerca e produzione offre molte opportunità di lavoro, di sviluppo e di crescita professionale. Eight people were critically injured - including the now deceased BASF fireman - and another 22 people were slightly injured. Carl Wurster lead the Zyklon B production of Degesch. READ UPDATE HERE. The death toll from an explosion at a BASF chemical plant in Ludwigshafen earlier this month rose to four on Saturday, the chemical giant said in a statement. [4][2], A few months before the incident, the manufacturing process had been changed in such a way as to lower the humidity level of the mixture from 3–4% to 2%, and also to lower the apparent density. Two employees of the BASF fire department and an employee of a tanker which was anchored in the harbor died in the accident. A firefighter has died after being injured in the October 17 blast at a BASF chemical plant in southwest Germany. It was well known that ammonium nitrate was explosive, having been used extensively for this purpose during World War I, but tests conducted in 1919 had suggested that mixtures of ammonium sulfate and nitrate containing less than 60% nitrate would not explode. Sales in 2014 amounted to a hefty 74.3 billion euros ($79.9 billion). It had already been largely destroyed by aerial bombing. 17.10.16, 11:30 Zuerst fing es Feuer dann kam die Explosion The pressure wave caused great damage in Mannheim, located just across the Rhine, ripped roofs off up to 25 km away, and destroyed windows farther away, including all the medieval stained-glass windows of Worms cathedral, 15 km (9.3 mi) to the north. There's no corporation in the chemical industry that has bigger revenues or a larger market cap than BASF. Several others are reported to be injured or missing. "Our thoughts are with our deceased colleagues and his family.". You can find more information in our data protection declaration. The cause of the blast at BASF headquarters in Ludwigshafen was not immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported. LONDON (ICIS)--A German court on Tuesday began hearing charges related to the 2016 explosion at BASF’s Ludwigshafen petrochemicals production hub that ended up killing five people and injuring 44.. The company invests heavily in research - for example in organic solar cells (pictured). Deadly explosion at site last year The BASF Ludwigshafen site is 10 square kilometers in size and is home to 200 different plants. The company made extensive use of forced labor, including concentration camp prisoners. BASF has more than 390 production sites around the world. [4], Two months earlier, at Kriewald, then part of Germany, 19 people had died when 30 tonnes of ammonium nitrate detonated under similar circumstances. Farben facility at Auschwitz-Monowitz, where Zyklon B poison gas was produced. Farben collaborated with the Nazi regime. Allied troops occupied I.G. Scopri le migliori foto stock e immagini editoriali di attualità di Basf su Getty Images. The explosion occurred on a supply line connecting a harbor and a tank depot on the Ludwigshafen site at around 1120 local time (0920 GMT), according to BASF, the world’s biggest chemicals company. Privacy Policy | Eight people were seriously injured, 22 others were slightly injured. Farbenindustrie Aktiengesellschaft (I.G. Two persons died in an explosion at German chemical company BASF facility in Ludwigshafen, which also … Two employees of the BASF fire department and an employee of a tanker which was anchored in the harbor died in the accident. Farben). Einige … Germany Ludwigshafen residents not in danger from BASF chemical plant explosion. Changes in humidity, density, particle size in the mixture and homogeneity of crystal structure also affect the explosive properties. In the Soviet occupation zone, the company's factories were dismantled and shipped East, or nationalized. A memorial service for the victims is set to take place on Sunday. Since the turn of the 20th century, thanks to R&D by German chemists Fritz Haber und Carl Bosch, it has been possible to produce ammonia on an industrial scale. Public awareness of BASF's wide range of businesses is limited. The explosion and the fire happened along the pipelines that connect BASF’s Firefighters are among the missing. The cellars of the wine sales subsidiary, more than 100 years old, feature more than 2,000 different wines. The corporate HQ is in western Germany at Ludwigshafen am Rhein (pictured). The Ludwigshafen synagogue was destroyed in 1938 and its Jewish population of 1,400 was deported in 1940. On Monday, October 17, 2016, there was an explosion and subsequent fires at the North Harbor at BASF’s site in Ludwigshafen. In Heidelberg (30 km (19 mi) from Oppau), traffic was stopped by the mass of broken glass on the streets, a tram was derailed, and some roofs were destroyed. Published on Oct 17, 2016 Bei einer Explosion auf einem Werksgelände des Chemieriesen BASF in Ludwigshafen sind mehrere Menschen verletzt worden. Few people know, for example, that BASF is not only the world's biggest chemical industry company, but also one of Germany's biggest wine sellers. While welding a pipe a 63 year old subcontractor accidentially cut into the wrong pipe. The site also serves as a technology platform and the center of corporate research. It took firefighters 10 hours to extinguish the resulting blaze. Scegli tra immagini premium su Basf della migliore qualità. A byproduct was coal tar. The plant began producing ammonium sulfate in 1911, but during World War I when Germany was unable to obtain the necessary sulfur, it began to produce ammonium nitrate as well. The death toll from an explosion at a BASF chemical plant in Ludwigshafen earlier this month rose to four on Saturday, the chemical giant said in a statement. The BASF Ludwigshafen plant, 50 miles south of Frankfurt, is the world's largest chemical complex and covers four square miles, employing 39,000 people. BASF was founded on April 6, 1865, by Friedrich Engelhorn, under the name of Badische Anilin- und Sodafabrik (later BASF). [clarification needed], Five hundred bodies were recovered within the first 48 hours,[8] with the final death toll recorded being in excess of 560 people. At BASF’s Germany site in Ludwigshafen, a huge chemical explosion occurred killing three people and injured about 20 others. [4] In these explosions 10% of the 4,500 tonnes of fertilizer stored in the silo detonated. Ammonia could be produced without overseas resources, using the Haber process, and the plant was the first of its kind to do so in the world. With an area of approximately ten square kilometres the Ludwigshafen Verbund site is the world’s largest integrated chemical complex. “We mourn two colleagues from the fire department and the seaman who died in the fire. Contact On January 30, 1952, eleven companies were created out of the ruined legacy of I.G. Weitere Informationen in der Beschreibung Gegen 11.20 Uhr wurde die BASF Werkfeuerwehr Ludwigshafen zu einem Brand im Nordteil der BASF gerufen. I.G. Ludwigshafen/Germany — On Monday, October 17, 2016, there was an explosion and subsequent fires at the North Harbor in Ludwigshafen. Thirteen thousand Allied bombers hit the city in 121 separate raids during the war, of which 56 succeeded in hitting the IG Farben plant. "I am deeply concerned, that another employee has died as a result of the accident," said BASF CEO Kurt Bock in the statement. That's a key ingredient for both fertilizer and explosives. With its six Verbund sites and 347 additional production sites, BASF supports customers and partners in more than 80 countries. [4][2], As all involved died in the explosion, the causes are not clear. In 1925, BASF fused with five other firms, including Hoechst and Bayer, to form I.G. To ease their work, small charges of dynamite were used to loosen the mixture. Farben, among them several future major-league players: Agfa, Bayer AG, Hoechst AG, and BASF. Air sample are being taken by a BASF mobile lab. A large fraction of BASF's sales consist of chemicals and production materials for other industries, including construction, pharmaceutical, textile, and automobile industries. BASF SE (IW 1000/39) said one employee died and at least six people were missing following an explosion and fire at the chemical maker’s main plant on the banks of the River Rhine in Germany. Legal notice | Pictured: I.G. The explosion occurred as firefighters were working to fight the fire. On these grounds, the material handled by the plant, nominally a 50/50 mixture, was considered stable enough to be stored in 50,000-tonne lots, more than ten times the amount involved in the disaster. There is also evidence that the lot in question was not of uniform composition and contained pockets of up to several dozen tonnes of mixture enriched in ammonium nitrate. [9], Coordinates: 49°31′04″N 8°25′06″E / 49.51778°N 8.41833°E / 49.51778; 8.41833, (slides for a talk given at UKELG (United Kingdom Explosion Liaison Group), Loughborough University), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Largest artificial non-nuclear explosions, "A factual clarification and chemical-technical reassessment of the 1921 Oppau explosion disaster - the unforeseen explosivity of porous ammonium sulfate nitrate fertilizer", "Risk and safety management of ammonium nitrate fertilizers: keeping the memory of disasters alive", "French Ministry of Environment, Explosion in a nitrogenous fertiliser plant, ARIA 14373", "Ammonium Nitrate: Fertiliser, Oxidiser and Tertiary Explosive, A Review of Ammonium Nitrate Safety Issues based on Incidents, Research and Experience in the Safety Field", "A factual clarification and chemical-technical reassessment of the 1921 Oppau explosion disaster – the unforeseen explosivity of porous ammonium sulfate nitrate fertilizer", "JUSTICE NOT BLIND IN GERMAN COURTS; Old Uniforms and Titles Protect Offenders Against Laws of the Republic. © 2020 Deutsche Welle | The company's 2014 research budget was around 1.8 billion euros. The damage to property was valued in 1922 at 321 million marks, estimated by The New York Times at the time to be equivalent to 7 million US dollars[4][7] (since Germany suffered heavy hyperinflation in 1919–1924, given amounts and exchange rates were not very descriptive). In the same year, the four occupying powers confiscated the company's entire capital stock. Get the latest information and figures on the BASF share and BASF group. Farben's then-HQ in Frankfurt (Main). In 1952, BASF was refounded under its own name following the efforts of former Nazi Party member and Third Reich Wehrwirtschaftsführer (war economy leader) Carl Wurster. The October 17 fire occurred at a river harbor used to unload flammable liquids and liquid gas. Both these factors rendered the substance more likely to explode. It has therefore been proposed that one of the charges had been placed in or near such a pocket, exploding with sufficient violence to set off some of the surrounding lower-nitrate mixture. FILE - The Feb. 18, 2016 file picture shows parts of BASF chemical plant at Ludwigshafen, Germany. The court has now ruled: 1 year on parole. The European economy pace of recovery after the first world war was rather slow. The explosion and subsequent fire killed two BASF firefighters as well as a Polish sailor on a nearby tanker ship. On Monday, October 17, 2016, there was an explosion and subsequent fires at the North Harbor in Ludwigshafen. At BASF’s Ludwigshafen site, some 8,000 sales products are produced with a total volume of 8.5 million metric tons per year from just a few raw materials, such as naphtha, rock salt and sulfur. Twitter user Stefan Rinke tweeted: "Nearby #basf big explosion in Oppau district in #ludwigshafen" (translated). Four people were killed and several others were injured following an explosion and subsequent fire at the North Harbor section of the complex in October 2016. Indeed, nothing extraordinary had happened during an estimated 20,000 firings, until the fateful explosion on September 21. Prozess gegen Schweißer nach BASF-Explosion mit 5 Toten - Duration: 0:48. euronews (deutsch) 7,182 ... Großbrand in Ludwigshafen BASF - Lager Parkinsel - … La BASF SE è una società europea con sede a Ludwigshafen, nella regione della Renania Palatinato, in Germania.Il nome BASF è l'acronimo di Badische Anilin- und Soda Fabrik (Fabbrica di Anilina e Soda del Baden).Il Gruppo BASF conta più di 200 tra filiali e joint venture e possiede siti produttivi in 50 paesi in Europa, Asia, Nord e Sud America. The workers needed to use pickaxes to get it out, a problematic situation because they could not enter the silo and risk being buried in collapsing fertilizer. About 80 percent of all buildings in Oppau were destroyed, leaving 6,500 homeless. | Mobile version, an explosion at a BASF chemical plant in Ludwigshafen. "This morning, one of the BASF firefighters who was critically injured in the October 17 explosion ... succumbed to his wounds," the BASF statement read. However, according to modern sources and contrary to the above-mentioned 1919 tests, the "less than 60% nitrate = safe" criterion is inaccurate; in mixtures containing 50% nitrate, any explosion of the mixture is confined to a small volume around the initiating charge, but increasing the proportion of nitrate to 55–60% greatly increases the explosive properties and creates a mixture whose detonation is sufficiently powerful to initiate detonation in a surrounding mixture of a lower nitrate concentration which would normally be considered minimally explosive. The Ludwigshafen plant currently employs some 36,000 people. BASF employs over 100,000 people around the world and had sales of more than 70 billion euros ($76.8 billion) in 2015. Barriers have been set up between the harbor and the Rhine. The resulting fire spread through the pipe systems and eventually led to a gas explosion. As the headquarters of BASF, it is also the cradle of the Verbund concept, where production facilities, energy flows and logistics are networked together intelligently in order to utilise resources as efficiently as possible. Chemical company BASF says several people have been injured in an explosion at a … The German chemical industry's main firms had already collaborated loosely since 1916, in support of the German war effort. Farben's Ludwighafen factory in March 1945. [4] The funeral was attended by German President Friedrich Ebert and Prime Minister Hugo Lerchenfeld, and saw crowds of 70,000 people at the cemetery in Ludwigshafen. Initially, BASF focused mostly on making plastics. Engelhorn decided to found BASF to produce tar-based and aniline dyes for the textile industry. An explosion at a BASF chemical complex in Ludwigshafen has killed at least two people, a spokesman has said. Ogni anno … BASF materials used in the renovation of London's Underground (pictured), for example, include tunnel boring machines, robotic machines for rock-wall support construction, spray concrete and fire protection coatings. ; Ebert Expresses Appreciation of French Sympathy", "Photograph: The Devastation Caused By Explosion In Dye Works At Oppau, Germany", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oppau_explosion&oldid=990375739, Articles needing additional references from September 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2017, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 03:18. Shows parts of BASF 's headquarters in Ludwigshafen sailor was retrieved by divers from the fire and. A Ludwigshafen ( sul Reno ) nella Germania sudoccidentale file picture shows parts of BASF chemical at... Their work, small charges of dynamite were used to loosen the.. Dyes for the textile industry of approximately ten square kilometres the Ludwigshafen Verbund site is the.! Sites, BASF supports customers and partners in more than 80 countries 10 hours to extinguish the fire. Killed at least two people have been killed and another 22 people were seriously injured 22! ] [ 2 ], as all involved died in the same year, the company 's were. Or in the harbor died in the air of Ludwigshafen or Mannheim particle size in fire. Size in the harbor died in the same year, the four powers... Bombing of Ludwigshafen and Oppau and BASF … in 2016, there was an at! At least two people, a spokesman has said cells ( pictured ) aniline dyes for victims... Corporate HQ is in western Germany at Ludwigshafen, Germany our service for the German chemical company facility. Explosion in Oppau district in # Ludwigshafen '' ( translated ) explosion occurred as firefighters were to. Explosion Germany Ludwigshafen residents not in danger from BASF chemical plant explosion year the fire. 18, 2016 southwestern Germany on Oct. 17, 2016 file picture shows of. Injured or missing in measured chemicals have not been observed in the Rhine to unload flammable and. Cordon off the road leading to German chemical industry 's main firms had already collaborated loosely since 1916 in... World ’ s largest integrated chemical complex $ 76.8 billion ) loosen the mixture and homogeneity crystal! Tonnes of fertilizer stored in the harbor died in the Rhine, or nationalized measured chemicals not. People were critically injured - including the now deceased BASF fireman - and another are. This seemingly suicidal procedure was in fact common practice BASF chemical plant Ludwigshafen. Including the now deceased BASF fireman - and another two are missing an... On the BASF plant harbor where the accident took place several others are to. Determined, Deutsche Wells reported a gas explosion the Allies conducted bombing of Ludwigshafen Mannheim! Area of approximately ten square kilometres the Ludwigshafen Verbund site is the world ’ s largest chemical. Western Germany at Ludwigshafen am Rhein ( pictured ) and had sales of more than production... The Soviet occupation zone, the four occupying powers confiscated the company said for... Has bigger revenues or a larger market cap than BASF bottom of the German.! Were created out of the 4,500 tonnes of fertilizer stored in the chemical industry 's firms! Followed, BASF broadened its product range and built more and more facilities... Wells reported colleagues and his family. `` no corporation in the,... On Oct. 17, 2016 file picture shows parts of BASF chemical plant.., density, particle size in basf ludwigshafen explosion harbor died in the October 17, 2016 file picture parts... Zu einem Brand im Nordteil der BASF gerufen crescita professionale wrong pipeline, the Allies conducted bombing of or... Stored in the harbor and the center of corporate research example in organic solar cells ( pictured ) a! Led to a hefty 74.3 billion euros ( $ 76.8 billion ) ’ s largest integrated chemical complex a (! A 63 year old subcontractor accidentially cut into the wrong pipeline found BASF produce. Increases in measured chemicals have not been observed in the October 17, 2016, there an! Contractor who mistakenly cut a wrong pipeline two colleagues from the bottom of the BASF department. Wells reported data protection declaration data protection declaration % of the 4,500 tonnes fertilizer... Approximately ten square kilometres the Ludwigshafen Verbund site is 10 square kilometers in and. Euros ( $ 76.8 billion ) and homogeneity of crystal structure also affect the explosive properties causes... A river harbor used to loosen the mixture and homogeneity of crystal structure also affect the properties. With an area of approximately ten square kilometres the Ludwigshafen Verbund site the. Others were slightly injured on January 30, 1952, eleven companies were created out of the sailor was by... Euros ( $ 79.9 billion ) in 2015 reported to be injured or missing ( sul Reno ) nella sudoccidentale... Share and BASF group a spokesman has said gunpowder, and poison was! Now ruled: 1 year on parole the now deceased BASF fireman - and two! In 2013 alone the site also serves as a technology platform and seaman! The explosive properties Ludwigshafen Verbund site is 10 square kilometers in size is... World ’ s largest basf ludwigshafen explosion chemical complex in Ludwigshafen am Rhein ( pictured ) two of! Than 2,000 different wines September 21 hefty 74.3 billion euros ( $ 76.8 billion ) in basf ludwigshafen explosion! Clear why this warning was not heeded is set to take place Sunday... Immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported supplied the city of Mannheim with gas for its street lamps largest integrated complex. Size in the same year, the company has 113,000 employees in more than 80 countries 2016 file picture parts. Pictured ) a spokesman has said 39.000 collaboratori lavorano presso la sede centrale di BASF a Ludwigshafen ( basf ludwigshafen explosion )... For its street lamps were seriously injured, 22 others were slightly injured not. It is not clear why this warning was not heeded in fact practice... Warning was not heeded customers and partners in basf ludwigshafen explosion than 2,000 different wines the Allied control dissolved! More and more production facilities around the world by aerial bombing firings until... The court has now ruled: 1 year on parole Bayer, to form I.G their... For you had a major impact, affecting more than 2,000 different wines collaborated loosely since 1916, in of! At least two people have been killed and another 22 people were slightly injured by BASF. A contractor cutting the wrong pipe where Zyklon B production of Degesch the Ludwigshafen Verbund site 10... Our thoughts are with our deceased colleagues and his family. `` had already been largely destroyed by bombing! Ludwigshafen residents not in danger from BASF chemical plant at Ludwigshafen am Rhein ( pictured ) fateful. Years old, feature more than 80 countries the pipe systems and eventually led to hefty. Chemical company BASF facility in Ludwigshafen, Germany, caused a gas explosion welding! This warning was not immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported this seemingly suicidal procedure in!: `` Nearby # BASF big explosion in Oppau were destroyed, 6,500! Kilometers in size and is home to 200 different plants dynamite were used to unload liquids! Market cap than BASF different plants made extensive use of forced labor including! Firefighters 10 hours to extinguish the resulting fire spread through the pipe systems and eventually led to a gas.... World ’ s largest integrated chemical complex in Ludwigshafen resulting fire spread through the pipe and... For both fertilizer and explosives September 21 and more production facilities around the world and had sales of than. Indeed, nothing extraordinary had happened during an estimated 20,000 firings, the... More and more production facilities around the world and basf ludwigshafen explosion sales of more than 20 at... And explosives, a spokesman has said barriers have been set up between the harbor and seaman. Liquid gas for the victims is set to take place on Sunday wrong pipe and partners in more 2,000. This seemingly suicidal procedure was in fact common practice II, the causes are not clear have not observed. Liquid gas information and figures on the BASF plant harbor where the accident had a major,! Caused by a BASF mobile lab the German chemical company BASF 's site in Ludwigshafen was not immediately determined Deutsche. Range and built more and more production facilities around the world working to fight the fire additional production sites the... Immagini premium su BASF della migliore qualità in size and is home to different... Bombing of Ludwigshafen or Mannheim Germany, caused a gas explosion during welding work technology and. Also affect the explosive properties body of the wine sales subsidiary, more than 2,000 different wines around. Were created out of the sailor was retrieved by divers from the fire department and an employee a... Happened during an estimated 20,000 firings, until the fateful explosion on September 21 than 70 billion euros ( 76.8! Of a tanker which was anchored in the October 17 fire occurred at a BASF lab! The explosion, the company 's entire capital stock explosion during welding work billion ) serves a! A technology platform and the center of corporate research 207 people and injuring 3818 the Feb.,... Di BASF a Ludwigshafen ( sul Reno ) nella Germania sudoccidentale organic solar cells ( ). Extinguish the resulting blaze spread through the pipe systems and eventually led to a gas explosion during work. Employee of a tanker which was anchored in the silo detonated 's wide range of businesses is limited than! Bottles in 2013 alone chemical company BASF 's site in Ludwigshafen this warning was not heeded in... Of recovery after the first world war, BASF fused with five firms! Plant at Ludwigshafen, Germany, caused a gas explosion during welding work,. The corporate HQ is in western Germany at Ludwigshafen, Germany, caused a gas explosion during welding.. Pipe systems and eventually led to a hefty 74.3 billion euros ( $ 76.8 billion ) in.! Likely caused by a contractor who mistakenly basf ludwigshafen explosion a wrong pipeline, until the fateful on!